Guntur Sannam ChilliGuntur is famous for red chillies the world over. Chillies from Guntur are in demand in the international market. Chillies are exported from Guntur district to countries such as Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Middle East, U.K. and USA, Latin America and South Korea.
These chillies are available in diverse flavours, varieties and prices. The flavour in the cuisine of Andhra Pradesh does owe a part of its glory to these red chillies! The hottest of these varieties is the Wonder Hot Chilli (so true to its name!).334 chilli and Guntur Sannam-S4 Type are meant for export and Teja chilli is famous for its fine quality. Other varieties include Phatki, Indo-5, Ankur, 334, Roshni, Bedki, Byadgi, 273, Wrinkle, Teja, Wonder hot, Super Hot and Madhubala.
Chillies are used for adding colour and taste to the dishes. Did you know that Andhra Pradesh produces 46% of chilli produced in India! A majority of population in Guntur depends on this cash crop for their livelihood. Other states in India where chilli is cultivated are Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Assam, Rajasthan and Maharashtra.
Sometimes the price of chillies rises as high as INR 9,700 per quintal. Finer grade chilli of the Teja variety is also much in demand.Stocks are also stored in cold storage and godown in the city. Poor quality of seeds, pests and unfavourable temperature are not good for the proper growth of chillies as these damage the crop.
Guntur Sannam-S4 Type ChilliGuntur Sannam (Capsicum Annuum var. Longhum) is the most famous type of red and hot chilli with a thick skin which is highly in demand all over the world. It is grown in Guntur district and also in Warangal, Prakasam and Khammam districts in Andhra Pradesh. 'Sannam' in Telugu means thin and long.
Guntur has been associated with chilli production for decades now. This is the reason why the name Guntur has been added to the name of chillies. There is a Regional Research Station at LAM near Guntur where research work on chillies is carried out.
Regional Agricultural Research Station,
LAM-522 034 Dist. Guntur
Phone: 0863-524053, 524017
Fast Facts About Guntur Sannam Chilli
- Planting Season: August to October
- Harvesting Season: December to May
- Annual Production: 280,000 tons approx.
- Climate Required for Growth: Warm and humid climate and dry weather during period of maturation.
- Popular Chillies in India: Sannam, Bydagi, Wonder, Hot, Jwala and LC334.
- Chillies Exported to: West Asia, Far East, USA, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh. Chillies oleoresins also exported from India.
Geographical Indication Status for Guntur Sannam Chilli4 grades of Guntur Sannam chillies include Sannam Special (S.S.), Sannam General (S.G.), Sannam Fair (S.F.) and Non Specified (N.S.) according to their length and colour. Guntur Sannam has also got geographical indication (GI) status which indicates that producers from other regions cannot use those names.
In Guntur there are manufacturers, suppliers and exporters of chillies. Most people are earning a livelihood from this trade. Stemless Red Paprika, Red Hot Indian Chili Pepper, Dehydrated Stemless Chillies, Red Chilli powder etc. are exported overseas. These countries include Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Vietnam and Sri Lanka. The great demand in the world market is owing to 100% purity, unadulterated and natural taste, tempting aroma and nutritional value. Chillies are rich in Vitamin-C!